This property lets you change the width of one or more of the padding regions around an object.
If you specify only one value, all four padding regions are set. Two values define the top and bottom with the first and the second then applies to the left and right. If three values are specified, the first controls the top, the second controls both left and right while the third controls the bottom edge. When all four values are specified, they are assumed to be in the order: top, right, bottom and left.
Width values can be specified using pixel values, em-dash units or percentages of the next outermost parent object. The auto keyword lets the browser decide for itself.
You can also specify the values independently with the following properties:
Although both Netscape Navigator and MSIE support padding and margin control properties, it is not clear from the documentation sources whether they are simply different names for the same thing. Padding is a space that is placed outside the content rectangle of the element's extent. Margins also are not calculated as part of the element's width and height so they appear to be the same thing, although functionally they should be contained inside the extent rectangle if they behave in a manner consistent with the way that margins are generally assumed to work.
Be wary of using margins and padding in case the way they are implemented undergoes a functional change in the future.